ISSN 1392-3196 / e-ISSN 2335-8947
Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, vol. 105, No. 3 (2018), p. 227–234
The effect of a growth regulator Ribav-Extra on winter wheat seedlings exposed to heavy metals
Kristina A. GRUZNOVA, Dmitry I. BASHMAKOV, Jurga MILIAUSKIENĖ, Viktorija VAŠTAKAITĖ, Pavelas DUCHOVSKIS, Alexander S. LUKATKIN
We studied the influence of a natural plant growth regulator Ribav-Extra and ions of heavy metals (HM) Pb2+, Cu2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+ on the physiological and biochemical indices of the winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ) cultivar ‘Mironovskaya 808’. The seeds of wheat were treated with Ribav-Extra (10 ppm) and grown for 7 days on heavy metal salt solutions (10 μM or 1 mM). After that we recorded heavy metals accumulation, growth, generation of superoxide anion (•O2−), lipid peroxidation (LPO), and catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APOX) activity. It was found that 1 mM of HM in growth media increased heavy metals accumulation in wheat plants and inhibited the growth of roots and shoots. Both low and high concentrations of heavy metals stimulated •O2− production and oxidative damage in wheat seedlings. In most treatments, the toxic effect of heavy metals enhanced at higher concentration of metals. Pre-sowing treatment of seeds with Ribav-Extra decreased the negative impact of heavy metals by reducing oxidative stress which led to suppressed •O2− generation, lipid peroxidation intensity and catalase activity. This suggests that the wheat plants, whose seeds had been treated with Ribav-Extra, were more heavy metal-resistant than the untreated ones.
Key words: antioxidative enzymes, heavy metals, oxidative stress, Ribav-Extra, Triticum aestivum.
Full text: 105_3_str29.pdf