104(4)_str44

 

ISSN 1392-3196 / e-ISSN 2335-8947
Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, vol. 104, No. 4 (2017), p. 345–352
DOI  10.13080/z-a.2017.104.044

Pulsed electromagnetic field – a cultivation practice used to increase soybean seed germination and yield

Vojin ĐUKIĆ, Zlatica MILADINOV, Gordana DOZET, Marija CVIJANOVIĆ,  Mladen TATIĆ,
Jegor MILADINOVIĆ, Svetlana BALEŠEVIĆ-TUBIĆ

Abstract

The aim of the research was to test the effect of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on soybean seed germination and yield depending on specific field conditions, years of study, exposure duration and frequency. Field trial was conducted on an experimental field of Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad, Serbia in 2010–2013. Seeds of the soybean (Glycine hispida (Moench)) medium-early cultivar ʻValjevkaʼ were exposed to the PEMF therapy using the impulse generator and strip. Low-frequency (16, 24, 30 and 72 Hz) PEMF was used in the duration of 0, 30, 60 and 90 minutes. Research results indicate that this method can increase seed germination up to 8.00% and yield by 960.5 kg, or 21% in field conditions, which is a significant increase and a solid basis to introduce this practice, primarily in organic production with a very limited use of seed treatment preparations. However, the practice can have an inhibitory effect under an unfavourable combination of exposure duration and frequency. The obtained data were processed using the analysis of variance of three-factorial trials considering all years of study. Due to different meteorological conditions in the study years, analysis of variance was conducted for each year of study and correlations between the tested traits were examined.

Keywords: germination, Glycine hispida, pulsed electromagnetic waves, seed, yield.

Full text: 104_4_str44.pdf