102(1)_str5

 

ISSN 1392-3196 / e-ISSN 2335-8947
Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, vol. 102, No. 1 (2015), p. 41–50
DOI  10.13080/z-a.2015.102.005

The relationship of potato tubers chemical composition with selected physiological indicators

Barbara SAWICKA, Władysław MICHAŁEK, Piotr PSZCZÓŁKOWSKI

Abstract

The paper deals with the analysis of a ten-year study on the chemical composition of tubers of forty potato cultivars and their physiological indicators. The research was carried out at the experimental station in Parczew, Poland on a podzolic soil with typical granulometric composition of sandy silty clay, using a randomized block design in four replicates. Forty potato cultivars were the subject of this study, including eight very early, seven early, nine medium early, nine medium late and seven late cultivars. The photosynthetic activity of plants was evaluated by measuring chlorophyll a and b determined in raw leaf matter by the spectrophotometric method as well as by measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence induction of potato leaves using a fluorimeter PAM-2000. Measurements of photosynthetic indicators at various stages of potato development revealed that their increase indirectly reflected the prolongation of plant growing period, which might have a direct impact on yield quality. The chemical composition was determined by standard methods used for tubers. The main objective of the study was to determine the chemical composition of potato depending on the values of chlorophyll fluorescence indicators, which will allow prediction of the chemical composition of tubers during the growing season. The obtained results allow us to predict changes in nutrient content in potato tubers based on the indicators such as: chlorophyll a and b content, minimum and maximum fluorescence yield, maximum efficiency of photosystem in dark and mean plant growth rate.

Key words: chemical composition, chlorophyll, cultivar, maximum efficiency of photosystem, Solanum tuberosum.

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