ISSN 1392-3196 / e-ISSN 2335-8947
Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, vol. 100, No. 3 (2013), p. 235–242
Biodegradation activity in the soil contaminated with oil products
Dalia AMBRAZAITIENĖ, Audronė ŽUKAUSKAITĖ, Viktorija JAKUBAUSKAITĖ, Raimonda REIKAITĖ, Monika ZUBRICKAITĖ, Danutė KARČAUSKIENĖ
The current study is aimed to determine how sewage sludge may impact the biodegradation activity of soil contaminated with oil products and what groups of microorganisms are most active in it. Bathihypogleyi-Dystric Albeluvisol (ABd-gld-w) with a texture of sandy loam was selected for laboratory tests. The soil was contaminated with heavy fuel oil 15 and 30 g kg-1, supplemented with sewage sludge to create three backgrounds: 1) without sludge, 2) 5% (50 g kg-1) and 3) 10% (100 g kg-1) of sludge for air-dried soil. The trend was determined that when treating soil contaminated with heavy fuel oil the highest treatment efficiency was achieved by supplementing the soil with 10% of activated sewage sludge. Microorganisms which take part in the process of biodegradation of heavy fuel oil demonstrated different levels of activity during the investigation period. Hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria and micromycetes are the most important groups of microorganisms involved in the degradation of heavy fuel oil products in the soil. The initial concentration of heavy fuel oil in the soil had no statistically significant differences for all analyzed groups of microorganisms, although the number of bacteria and micromycetes, capable of oxidizing oil products, was statistically significantly influenced by the degradation time. The increasing concentration of sewage sludge statistically significantly affected the total number of bacteria and actinobacteria.
Key words: bacteria, concentrations, heavy fuel oil, hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria, micromycetes, sewage sludge.
Full text: 100_3_str30.pdf